Loose Leash Walking: Step by Step Guide from Midnight Schnauzers

You’re telling me you don’t like it when your Miniature Schnauzer pulls you down the street and into traffic?? Just kidding. The truth is, walking nicely on a leash is NOT something dogs are pre-wired to do. In fact, they’re hardwired to do just the opposite – pull ahead and scavenge for whatever they can find. But with the right training, you can teach your Miniature Schnauzer to LOVE staying by your side – and away from traffic.

Miniature Schnauzer on leash - Midnight Schnauzers - Arkansas

Why train it?

To spare your arms—and your dog’s trachea. It is not fun or safe for you to have a dog take you for a walk and pulling while wearing a collar can actually damage your dog’s throat.

Since our dogs spend most of their time outside on-leash, training them to walk without pulling is better for everyone.

Why do dogs pull?

To get to whatever is out ahead: Great smells, other dogs, open spaces, fun and adventure.     

Pulling gets dogs to what they want faster. As a strategy, it works. This is why it is best to teach dogs loose-leash walking as early as possible. Pulling is rewarding to the dog, so the more he does it, the harder it is for him to give it up. If you have an expert puller, however, don’t despair. Any dog can be taught loose-leash walking.

How to train it:

Step 1: Your dog learns to stand calmly next to you without pulling away.

  • Load one hand with treats.
  • Click and treat when your dog is calm and/or looking at you.
  • If your dog pulls away from you, don’t yank the leash and don’t reel him back in. Stand still and wait until he returns to you. If he is very distracted, call his name.
  • When he comes back to you, click and treat. Praise him enthusiastically.


Step 2: Your dog learns to stay close to you while walking.

  • With your dog standing calmly next to you, say his name and, “Let’s go.”
  • Click and treat after the first step, as long as your dog doesn’t dash forward.
  • Keep walking and click/treat every other step.
  • Gradually increase the number of steps in between clicks.
  • If your dog starts pulling, stop and wait until there is some slack in the leash again. Then take a step with him and reward him quickly for walking near you.
  • Keep him guessing. Sometimes reward after 1 step, sometimes after 5, then again after 2, then after 7.

Training Tip:

Try practicing loose-leash walking after your dog has had some vigorous exercise. He will be much easier to work with then.


If your dog pulls and you don’t get a chance to click and treat, apply red light/ green light. As soon as your dog pulls and the leash goes tight, stop. Wait for the leash to loosen even just a little bit and then walk forward. Be prepared to stop again if your dog pulls again so the leash tightens. Your dog needs to learn that a tight leash is a red light that stops the walk. A loose leash is a green light that means more walking.

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